DOS: Lista över kommandon

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Här är en lista över tillgängliga kommandon i DOS, alternativt DOS-prompten.

Lista på kortkommandon i DOS (eng)

För specifik information om varje kommando, skriv HELP [kommando] eller [kommando] /? i dos-prompten.

ASSOC     Displays or modifies file extension associations.
AT        Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.
ATTRIB    Displays or changes file attributes.
BREAK     Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.
CACLS     Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.
CALL      Calls one batch program from another.
CD        Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHCP      Displays or sets the active code page number.
CHDIR     Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHKDSK    Checks a disk and displays a status report.
CHKNTFS   Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.
CLS       Clears the screen.
CMD       Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.
COLOR     Sets the default console foreground and background colors.
COMP      Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.
COMPACT   Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.
CONVERT   Converts FAT volumes to NTFS.  You cannot convert the current drive.
COPY      Copies one or more files to another location.
DATE      Displays or sets the date.
DEL       Deletes one or more files.
DIR       Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.
DISKCOMP  Compares the contents of two floppy disks.
DISKCOPY  Copies the contents of one floppy disk to another.
DOSKEY    Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.
ECHO      Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.
ENDLOCAL  Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.
ERASE     Deletes one or more files.
EXIT      Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).
FC        Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences between them.
FIND      Searches for a text string in a file or files.
FINDSTR   Searches for strings in files.
FOR       Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.
FORMAT    Formats a disk for use with Windows.
FTYPE     Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
GOTO      Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program.
GRAFTABL  Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.
HELP      Provides Help information for Windows commands.
IF        Performs conditional processing in batch programs.
LABEL     Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
MD        Creates a directory.
MKDIR     Creates a directory.
MODE      Configures a system device.
MORE      Displays output one screen at a time.
MOVE      Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.
PATH      Displays or sets a search path for executable files.
PAUSE     Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.
POPD      Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.
PRINT     Prints a text file.
PROMPT    Changes the Windows command prompt.
PUSHD     Saves the current directory then changes it.
RD        Removes a directory.
RECOVER   Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.
REM       Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.
REN       Renames a file or files.
RENAME    Renames a file or files.
REPLACE   Replaces files.
RMDIR     Removes a directory.
SET       Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.
SETLOCAL  Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.
SHIFT     Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.
SORT      Sorts input.
START     Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.
SUBST     Associates a path with a drive letter.
TIME      Displays or sets the system time.
TITLE     Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.
TREE      Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.
TYPE      Displays the contents of a text file.
VER       Displays the Windows version.
VERIFY    Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.
VOL       Displays a disk volume label and serial number.
XCOPY     Copies files and directory trees.

Användbara exempel

Skapa ett dokument med en lista på innehållet av en hårddisk.

Följande kommando skapar en trädstruktur av alla filer på en hårddisk eller av angiven mapp.

C:\>TREE D:\mappnamn /A > structure-of-c-drive.txt

Använd växeln /F om du även vill lista alla filer i alla mappar. Om åäö finns med i något filnamn kommer det inte att visas korrekt, kör då sök & ersätt enligt listan nedan.

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